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Letras: com todas as LETRAS
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VERBOS IRREGULARES

Fonte:Hollander, Arnor & Sanders, Sidney, Keyword,Moderna

Os verbos constantes da lista a seguir foram agrupados pelas características que têm em comum.

Em inglês, os verbos são irregulares quando:

1.   Suas formas de infinitivo (presente), passado e particípio são idênticas:

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE TRADUÇÃO
to bet bet bet apostar
to burst burst burst estourar
to cast cast cast arremessar
to cost cost cost custar
to cut cut cut cortar
to hit hit hit bater, golpear
to hurt hurt hurt ferir, machucar
to let let let deixar, permitir
to put put put pôr, colocar
to quit quit quit desistir,parar
to read read read ler
to set set set pôr,estabelecer
to shed shed shed derramar
to shut shut shut fechar
to split split split rachar,partir
to spread spread spread espalhar,difundir
to wet wet wet molhar,umedecer
 

 

2.   Suas formas de passado e particípio passado são idênticas:

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE TRADUÇÃO

to bend

bent bent dobrar, curvar
to bind bound bound atar, amarrar
to bleed bled bled sangrar
to bring brought brought trazer
to build built built construir
to buy bought bought comprar
to catch caught caught pegar
to deal dealt dealt lidar, negociar
to dig dug dug cavar
to feed fed fed alimentar
to feel felt felt sentir
to fight fought fought lutar
to find found found encontrar
to get got got/gotten pegar
to hang hung hung pendurar
to have had had ter
to hear heard heard ouvir
to hold held held segurar, prender
to keep kept kept guardar
to lay laid laid pôr, colocar
to lead led led liderar
to leave left left partir, deixar
to lend lent lent emprestar
to lose lost lost perder
to make made made fazer
to mean meant meant significar
to meet met met encontrar
to pay paid paid pagar
to say said said dizer
to seek sought sought procurar
to send sent sent enviar, mandar
to sell sold sold vender
to shine shone shone brilhar
to shoot shot shot atirar
to sit sat sat sentar-se
to sleep slept slept dormir
to spend spent spent passar, gastar
to stand stood stood ficar, suportar
to strike struck struck bater, golpear
to sweep swept swept varrer
to teach taught taught ensinar
to tell told told dizer, contar
to think thought thought pensar, achar
to understand understood understood entender
to weep wept wept chorar, lamentar
to win won won ganhar
 

 

3.  Suas formas de infinitivo, passado e particípio passado têm vogais diferentes:

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE TRADUÇÃO
to begin began begun começar
to drink drank drunk beber
to ring rang rung soar, tocar
to sink sang sung cantar
to spring sprang sprung saltar
to swim swan swum nadar
 

 

4.  Suas formas de particípio passado são quase idênticas às do infinitivo, havendo apenas o acréscimo de -en, -n ou -ne (sendo que, em alguns casos, a consoante final pode aparecer dobrada):

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE TRADUÇÃO
to beat beat beaten bater, vencer
to blow blew blown soprar
to do did done fazer
to draw drew drawn sacar,desenhar
to drive drove driven dirigir
to eat ate eaten comer
to fall fell fallen cair
to forbid  forbade forbidden proibir
to forgive forgave forgiven perdoar
to give gave given dar
to go went gone ir
to grow grew grown crescer
to hide hid hidden esconder
to know knew known saber, conhecer
to ride rid ridden cavalgar, passear
to rise rose risen levantar-se
to see saw seen ver
to shake   shook shaken balançar, bater
to take took taken tomar, pegar
to throw  threw thrown  arremessar, jogar
to write wrote written escrever
 

 

5.  Suas formas de particípio passado são formadas pelo acréscimo de -n, -en ou -ne às suas formas de passado após verificadas pequenas mudanças, como a queda do e final, a repetição da consoante final ou a transformação do y em i:

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE TRADUÇÃO
to bear bore born dar a luz, gerar
to bite bit bitten morder
to break broke broken quebrar
to choose chose chosen escolher
to forget forgot forgotten esquecer
to freeze froze frozen congelar
to lie lay lain deitar, jazer
to speak spoke spoken falar
to steal stole stolen furtar,roubar
to swear swore sworn jurar
to tear tore torn rasgar
to wear wore worn vestir
 

 

6.   Suas formas de infinitivo e particípio passado são idênticas, havendo apenas alteração de uma vogal na forma de passado:

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE TRADUÇÃO
to become became become tornar-se
to come came come vir
to run ran run correr
 

 

7.  Suas formas de infinitivo e particípio passado são construídas com o acréscimo de -ed, mas podem também apresentar variações: 

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE TRADUÇÃO
to saw sawed sawed/sawn serrar
to sew sewed sewed/sewn costurar
to sow sowed sowed/sown semear
to show showed shown mostrar
 

 

8.  Há duas formas possíveis de passado e particípio, sendo uma delas regular (-ed):

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE TRADUÇÃO
to burn burned/burnt burned/burnt queimar
to dream dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt sonhar
to lean leaned/leant leaned/leant apoiar-se
to learn learned/learnt learned/learnt aprender
to smell smelled/smelt smelled/smelt cheirar
to spoil spoiled/spoilt spoiled/spoilt estragar
to sweat sweated/sweat sweated/sweat suar
 

 

9.  Suas formas de infinitivo, passado e particípio são todas diferentes entre si:

INFINITIVE SIMPLE PAST PAST PARTICIPLE TRADUÇÃO
to fly flew flown voar

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